Category: Sightseeings (Page 2 of 2)

ANCIENT CITY OF KAMEIROS

Ancient City Of Kameiros is one of the most significant historical and archeological sites on the island of Rhodes. If the past tickles your interest, then your list of locales for sightseeing in Rhodes must include ancient Kamiros.On the north-western shore of Rhodes, close to the promontary of Agios Minas(the Ancient Mylantio) lies the third of the island’s ancient cities – Kameiros.Kameiros was one of the three large Doric cities of the island, which united with Ialyssos and Lindos in the 5th century B.C. to create the powerful city – state of Rhodes.Although it was established by the Dorian, it seems like the first inhabitants of the area must have been Achaeans, as the ruins of an ancient Mycenaean necropolis close to the village of Kalavarda reveal.Kameiros was basically an agricultural society which produced oil, wine and figs.During the city’s golden area of the 6th century, it was the first Rhodian city to cut its own coins.Kameiros has been often compared to Pompeii, something which is not correct since Kameiros did not fall into decline because of a natural disaster.Its decline, like the decline of Ialyssos, was the result of the gradual abandonment by its residents, who decided to move to the city of Rhodes, which as mentioned above, was established in 408 B.C.In 1929 archaeologists localized the ruins of the ancient city and the excavations which brought it back to life continued till the end of World War II.The motive to start the excavations was the accidental discovery of some ancient graves, as well as the name of the area, which was Kameiros and which had been reforested by the time.The findings which had been revealed by the excavations, which are very rich and important, have been taken to the British Museum and the Louvre.We hope that some day these archaeological treasures will be given back in order to be exposed to the public by the archaeological museum of Rhodes.

MONASTERY OF PANAGIA TSAMPIKA

The Monastery of Panagia Tsambika is located about 25 km south of Rhodes Town, between Kolymbia and Archangelos. The old monastery of Tsambika is built on top of a hill with gorgeous view to the sea and the surrounding area, while the new monastery, which works today, is found on the road that connects Archangelos to Rhodes Town.At the top of the hill at an altitude of 320 meters is the oldest monastery of Panagia tsampika.Walk on a winding and steep path, about 500 meters long, passing through a forest of cypress trees.The hill offers panoramic view of the surrounding area.The new monastery  was renovated in 1760 A.D.It is a temple of Dodecanese type and the floor has traditional shingles also observed in other churches in the area.The wooden temple is very beautiful and it is believed to be older than the 17th century A.D.The monastery celebrates on September 8th, the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.The small icon of the Virgin Mary was miraculously found on the hill.The name Tsampika, according to tradition came from the local dialect Word “tsampa” which means spark and refers to the way the icon was retrieved.

OLD TOWN

A legend by itshel, the Old City of Rhodes is the best preserved, inhabited medieval city of Europe and a Cultural Heritage Monument of UNESCO.The The order of St John of Jerusalem occupied Rhodes from 1309 to 1523 and set about transforming the city into a stronghold.It subsequently came under Turkish and Italian rule.With the palace of the Grand Masters, the Great Hospital and the Street of the Knights, the Upper Town is one of the most beautiful urban ensembles of the Gothic period.In the Lower Town, Gothic architecture coexists with mosques, public baths and other buildings dating from the Ottoman period.Especially in ecclessiastical architecture two tensions appear.The first one concerns the Roman Catholic churches where the Knights were prior to theirarrival in Rhodes.That style evolved in Rhodes.It lent and borrowed many elements from the local architecture and the byzantine tradition.It adjusted to the local Materials and the Rhodian limestone, which was greatly exploited, creating unique artifacts.The regenerative art of the West made a huge impact on the local archicture and art in General on the island.The second ecclesiastical architectural tension conserns the Greek Orthodox churches that follow the byzantine tradition.Only after the Knights departure from the island, the orthodox churches imitate the gothic style with crossed arches.The ruins of Saint John’s of the Knights Catholic church, The Holy Apostles and Old Mess complex (Imaret), Suleiman’s Mosque, Mehmet Aga Mosque and Synagogue Shalom are some of the most popular sightseeings of the Old City.

 

CERAMIC POTTERY

Rhodes has a long history of pottery going back many centuries at least to the time of the ancient cities. Replicas of designs produced in those times are still been manufactured today together with new modern designs in a younger generation.Vivid colours, especially blue, feature strongly as do certain motifs which are uniquely Rodian, the pomegranate flower and the stylized deer.The island has many ceramic factories selling hand painted pottery, typically vases, plates and ash trays which are a favourable souvenir item bought by our visitors in Rhodes.One of the first manufacturers of Greek pottery was IKAROS which began in the early 1900’s. The factory was originally a school (IKAROS, International Ceramic Arts). Owned by Mr Hadjicontantis, who was devoted to his profession and truly loved making pottery which was obvious in his works, he produced a vast number of valuable pieces. There is still a great deal of public interest in his collection even today that you can find them sold even in the E-Bay!

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